Area of Refuge System requirements are specified by three organizations:IBC
(International Building Codes)
(National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code)
(Americans with Disabilities Act Accessibilities Guidelines)
IBC-1007.8 Two Way Communications:
The 2009 International Building Code (IBC) now requires a two-way communication system on ALL NEW CONSTRUCTION for all Areas of Refuge regardless if they have a sprinkler system or not. Also significant remodels or change of use of a building may require Areas of Refuge.1007.6.3 Two-Way Communication. Areas of Refuge shall be provided with a two-way communication system complying with Sections 1007.8.1 and 1007.8.2.1007.8 Two-Way Communication. A two-way communication system shall be provided at the elevator landing on each accessible floor that is one or more stories above or below the story of exit discharge complying with Sections 1007.8.1 and 1007.8.2.
1.) Two-way communication systems are not required at the elevator landing where the two-way communication system is provided within areas of refuge in accordance with section 1007.6.3 (Stairwell Areas of Refuges)1007.8.1 System Requirements. Two-way communications shall provide communication between each required location (Rath Call Boxes) and the fire command center or central control point location
(Rath Base Stations) approved by the fire department. Where the central control point is not constantly attended, a two-way communication system shall have a timed automatic telephone dial-out capability to a monitoring location or 911. The two-way communication system shall include both audible and visible signals. Note: Most local Authorities Having Jurisdiction (AHJ) require two way off-site person to person voice communications.1007.8.2 Directions. Directions for the use of the two-way communication system, instructions for summoning assistance via the two-way communication system and written identification of the location shall be posted adjacent to the two-way communication system.1007.9 Signage. Signage indicating special accessibility provisions shall be provided as shown:
1) Each door providing access to an area of refuge from the adjacent floor shall be identified by a sign stating: AREA OF REFUGE (Part #7044)
Signage shall comply with the ICC A117.1 requirements for visual characters and include the International Symbol of Accessibility. Where exit sign illumination is required by Section 1011.2, the signs shall be illuminated. (Part #7050) Additionally, tactile signage complying with ICC A117.1 shall be located at each door to an Area of Refuge. (Part #7044)
1007.10 Directional Signage.
Direction signage indicating the location of the other means of egress and which are accessible means of egress shall be provided at the following: (Part # 7047L-Left or #7047R-Right)
1. At exits serving a required accessible space but not providing an approved accessible means of egress
2. At Elevator Landings
3. Within Areas of Refuge1007.11 Instructions. In areas of refuge and exterior areas for assisted rescue, instructions on the use of the area under emergency conditions shall be posted. The instructions shall include all of the following: (Part #7049)
1) Persons able to use the exit stairway do so as soon as possible, unless they are assisting others.
2) Information on planned availability of assistance in the use of stairs or supervised operation of elevators and how to summon such assistance.
3) Directions for use of the two-way communications system where provided.
101 section 7.2:
Each Area of Refuge must be provided with a two-way communication system between the Area of Refuge and a central control point (Rath Base Stations). Each Area of Refuge must be identified by a sign stating “AREA OF REFUGE” and displaying the international symbol of accessibility.Signs must be installed at all exits not providing accessible means of egress and where otherwise necessary to clearly indicate the direction of the Area of Refuge.
72 section 24:126.96.36.199 The Area of Refuge (rescue assistance) emergency communications system shall be comprised of remotely located Area of Refuge stations and a central control point. (Rath Base Stations)188.8.131.52 The remote Area of Refuge stations and the central control point (Rath Base Stations) shall communicate with each other.184.108.40.206 If the central control point is not constantly attended, it shall have a timed automatic communications capability to connect with a constantly attended monitoring location acceptable to the Authority Having Jurisdiction where responsible personnel can initiate the appropriate response.220.127.116.11 The physical location of the central control point (Rath Base Stations) shall be as designated by the building code in force or the Authority Having Jurisdiction.18.104.22.168 The Area of Refuge station shall provide for hands-free, two-way communication, provide an audible and visible signal to indicate communication has occurred and indicate to the receiver the location sending the signal. 22.214.171.124 Instructions for the use of the two-way communications system and for summoning assistance via the two-way communications system and written identification, including Braille, of the location shall be posted adjacent to the two-way communications system.ADAAG:The Area of Refuge must be equipped with a two-way communication system with both visual and audible signals provided in each Area of Refuge assistance. The Area of Refuge must have adequate signage that directs the occupants to the area. The ADA guidelines apply to new buildings and significant remodels for public accommodations and commercial facilities with stories above or below the main ground floor.ADAAG 3.5 Defines the Area of Rescue Assistance as an area which has direct access to an exit, where people who are unable to use stairs may remain temporarily in safety to await further instructions or assistance during emergency evacuation.Audible signals can include voice output or recorded messages. A button that lights to indicate that help is on its way is an acceptable visual signal.